Jacinda Ardern Biography

Jacinda Kate Laurell Ardern (/dsnd rdrn/ j-SIN-d ar-DURN; born July 26, 1980) is a politician from New Zealand who has been the country’s 40th prime minister and leader of the Labour Party since 2017. Since 2017, she has been the member of Parliament (MP) for Mount Albert for the Labour Party.  On January 19, 2023, Ardern said she would step down as Labour leader and prime minister by February 7 so that a new leader could be chosen.

Ardern was born in Hamilton, but she lived in Morrinsville and Murupara as a child. At age 17, she joined the Labour Party. Ardern worked as a researcher in the office of Prime Minister Helen Clark after she graduated from the University of Waikato in 2001. She later worked as a Cabinet Office advisor in London when Tony Blair was Prime Minister. In 2008, the International Union of Socialist Youth chose Ardern to be its president. Ardern became an MP for the first time in 2008, when Labour lost power for the first time in nine years. In a by-election on February 25, 2017, she was then chosen to represent the Mount Albert electorate.

After Annette King stepped down as deputy leader of the Labour Party on March 1, 2017, Ardern was chosen as her replacement by everyone in the party. Five months later, when an election was coming up, Labour’s leader, Andrew Little, resigned because the party’s poll numbers were the worst they had ever been. Ardern was then elected as leader without any opposition.  After Ardern became leader of Labour, support for the party grew quickly. On September 23, 2017, when the general election was held, she led Labour to gain 14 seats, giving it 46 seats to the National Party’s 56.  After talks, New Zealand First chose to form a minority coalition government with Labour and the Green Party, with Ardern as Prime Minister. The Governor-General gave her an oath of office on October 26, 2017.   At age 37, she became the youngest woman to run a government anywhere in the world. Ardern gave birth to her daughter on June 21, 2018, making her the second elected leader in the world to do so while in office (after Benazir Bhutto).

Ardern says she is a progressive and a social democrat.
The Sixth Labour Government has had to deal with problems like the lack of housing in New Zealand, the poverty of children, and social inequality. In March 2019, after the shootings at two mosques in Christchurch, New Zealand, Ardern quickly passed strict gun laws, which brought her a lot of attention. In 2020, she was in charge of New Zealand’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic. She was praised for this because New Zealand was one of the few Western countries that was able to stop the virus. [15] Ardern moved the Labour Party toward the center in preparation for the general election in October 2020. She also promised to cut spending for the rest of the COVID-19 recession. [16] She led the Labour Party to a huge win, with 65 more seats in Parliament than any other party. This was the first time a majority government had been formed since a system of proportional representation was put in place in 1996.

 

Early life and education

Ardern was born in New Zealand’s Hamilton on July 26, 1980.  She grew up in Morrinsville and Murupara, where her father, Ross Ardern, was a police officer and her mother, Laurell Ardern (née Bottomley), worked as a school catering assistant.  Ardern was raised in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (also called the LDS Church or the Mormon Church), and her uncle Ian S. Ardern is a general authority in the church. She went to Morrinsville College , where she was the student representative on the school’s board of trustees.  She got her first job at a fish-and-chip shop while she was still in school.

At age 17, she joined the Labour Party.
Marie Ardern, her aunt and a longtime member of the Labour Party, asked Ardern when she was a teenager to help her campaign for New Plymouth MP Harry Duynhoven’s re-election in the 1999 general election.
Ardern went to the University of Waikato and got a Bachelor of Communication Studies in politics and public relations, which is a three-year specialized degree. She graduated in 2001.
In 2001, she spent a semester at Arizona State University.
After she graduated from college, she worked as a researcher in the offices of Phil Goff and Helen Clark. After spending some time in New York City, US, where she volunteered at a soup kitchen and worked on a workers’ rights campaign, Ardern moved to London in 2006, where she became a senior policy adviser in an 80-person policy unit of the Cabinet Office (UK) under British prime minister Tony Blair.  (She “did not meet Blair in person” while she was in London, but she did ask him about the 2003 invasion of Iraq at an event in New Zealand in 2011.)  Ardern was also sent to the UK Home Office to help review the way police work in England and Wales.

 

Political Career

Beginning in 2008 and continuing forward, Ardern made consistent progress in the various lists for the Labour party. The following is a synopsis of her time spent in political office.

From 2008 till 2011, she held the 20th position.
From 2011 until 2013, she held the thirteenth position.
She maintained a fifth-place ranking from 2014 through 2017
She held the number one spot from 2017 until 2020.
She was rated number one from the year 2020 till the present.

She ran for the Labour Party and attempted to win the Auckland Central seat in the general elections of 2011, however she was ultimately unsuccessful. During the general elections in 2014, she ran for the Labour Party and once again attempted to win the Auckland Central seat, but this time she was defeated by a smaller margin of victory of just 600 votes. Ardern participated in the 2017 Women’s March on January 20th, which was conducted in countries all across the globe in protest to Donald Trump.

Ardern competed in the by-election for Mount Albert a second time in February of 2017. On the other hand, she prevailed with a resounding success by garnering 77 percent of the votes that were cast. Because of her many accomplishments, Ardern was chosen as the Deputy Leader of the Labour Party on March 7, 2017, and she received 100% of the vote.

Ardern was chosen as the next leader of the Labour Party on the first of August in 2017. Ardern received 15,264 votes at the general election that took place in September 2017, allowing her to maintain her hold on the Mount Albert electorate. The Labour party has increased its overall number of seats in Parliament to 46, making it the most number it has had since it was deposed from office in 2008. By forming a coalition with the New Zealand First Party, Jacinda Ardern was able to essentially become Prime Minister.

In the general election held in 2020, Ardern led the Labour Party to again another resounding win by a landslide margin. The Party secured an overall majority of 65 members in the House of Representatives, which has a total of 120 MPs. In addition, the Mount Albert electoral constituency was retained with a margin of 21,326 votes.

FAQ

  • Ardern regards herself as feminist, progressive, republican, and a social democrat.
  • Arden is also very outspoken about issues like climate change and has brought about drastic changes to New Zealand legislation.
  • Arden is the first New Zealand Prime Minister to be pregnant during office and only the second to give birth.
  • Ardern’s first job was working at a fish and chip shop.
  • Helen Clark, who was the second woman to hold the highest office in New Zealand, was Arden’s mentor and political hero.