Giorgia Meloni BiographyGiorgia Meloni Biography

Giorgia Meloni is an Italian politician and journalist. Her Italian name is Giorda Meloni, and she was born on January 15, 1977. She has been a member of Italy’s Chamber of Deputies since 2006, and she is presently the chairman of the political group Brothers of Italy. Additionally, she has been the president of the European Conservatives and Reformists Party from the year 2020.

Meloni was born in Rome, and in 1992 he became a member of Youth Front, the youth wing of the Italian Social Movement (MSI), which is a neo-fascist political group. In later years, she rose to become the national leader of the student movement known as Student Action, which was affiliated with National Alliance (AN). After serving as a councilor for the Province of Rome from 1998 until 2002, she then moved on to become the president of Youth Action, which is the organization’s youth branch. She was given the position of Minister of Youth in the Berlusconi IV Cabinet in 2008, and she continued to serve in that capacity until 2011. She was one of the co-founders of Brothers of Italy (FdI) in 2012 and took over as president of the organization in 2014. She ran as a candidate for the European Parliament election in 2014 and for the Rome municipal election as a mayoral candidate in 2016; however, she was ultimately unsuccessful in winning either race. Following the general election in 2018, she led FdI into the opposition for the entirety of the parliamentary assembly. This allowed FdI to increase its popularity in the opinion polls, particularly during the Draghi Cabinet, in which FdI was the only opposition party.

Her political views have been categorized as belonging to the extreme right, as she is a right-wing populist as well as an Italian nationalist. She maintains that nuclear families can only be led by heterosexual couples composed of a man and a woman and is therefore opposed to euthanasia, abortion, same-sex relationships and marriages, as well as parenting by same-sex couples. She has been accused of racism and Islamophobia due to her opposition to multiculturalism and the acceptance of immigration from countries other than Europe. She is a supporter of NATO, but she has Eurosceptic views with regard to the European Union. She was in favor of better relations with Russia before to the Russian invasion of Ukraine in 2022, which she denounced, and she pledged to continue delivering weaponry to Ukraine.

 

Early life

She was born in Rome, Italy, on January 15, 1977. Her father was from Sardinia and her mother was from Sicily. When she was 11, her father, who was a tax advisor, left the family and moved to the Canary Islands. She grew up in the Garbatella neighborhood.  Meloni joined the neo-fascist Italian Social Movement’s youth group, the Youth Front, when he was 15 years old in 1992. (MSI). During these years, she started a group of students called “The Ancestors” (Gli Ancenati), which took part in a protest against minister Rosa Russo Iervolino’s plan to change the way public schools work.

In 1996, she went to the Amerigo Vespucci Institute and got a diploma from there.

Meloni said she got her high school diploma in languages from the Amerigo Vespucci Institute in Rome, where she got a perfect score of 60/60. But it turned out that the school wasn’t a high school for foreign languages. Instead, it was a technical high school that specialized in the tourism industry. This made people wonder if she had lied about her diploma.

In the same year, she became the national leader of Student Action, the student movement of the national-conservative National Alliance (AN), which took over from the MSI. She represented this movement in the Student Associations Forum, which was set up by the Italian Ministry of Education. After winning the primary election in 1998, she was chosen to be a councilor for the Province of Rome, a job she held until 2002. In 2000, she was elected national director, and in 2004, she became the first woman to lead the AN youth group Youth Action. Meloni worked as a babysitter, waitress, and bartender at the Piper Club, one of Rome’s most popular nightclubs, during these years.

 

Political career

Meloni was elected to the Chamber of Deputies in 2006 as a member of the National Alliance (AN). There, she became the youngest vice-president in the party’s history. She started working as a journalist in the same year. In 2008, she was named Minister of Youth in the Berlusconi IV Cabinet. She held this job until 16 November 2011, when the prime minister and media mogul Silvio Berlusconi was forced to resign because of a financial crisis and public protests. She was the youngest minister in all of Italy’s history as one country.

In August 2008, Meloni asked Italian athletes to skip the opening ceremony of the Beijing Olympics because they didn’t agree with the way China treated Tibet. Berlusconi and Foreign Affairs Minister Franco Frattini both criticized this statement.

In 2009, her party merged with Forza Italia (FI) to become The People of Freedom (PdL), and she became president of Young Italy, the youth branch of the new party.

She voted for the decree law against euthanasia the same year.

In November 2010, she presented a 300 million euro package called the Right to the Future on behalf of the ministry. It was meant to be an investment in young people and had five parts, such as incentives for new business owners, bonuses for temporary workers, and loans for students who needed them. In November 2012, she said she would run against Angelino Alfano for the PdL leadership because the party was supporting the Monti Cabinet. After the primaries were canceled, she worked with fellow politicians Ignazio La Russa and Guido Crosetto to come up with a plan to stop Monti. They called for change within the party and were critical of Berlusconi’s leadership.

 

Meloni, La Russa, and Crosetto started a new political group called Brothers of Italy (FdI) in December 2012. The name of the group comes from the Italian national anthem. She ran for office in Italy’s 2013 general election as a member of Berlusconi’s center-right coalition and won 2% of the vote and 9 seats. Meloni was re-elected to the Chamber of Deputies for Lombardy and later made the leader of her party in the house. She held this position until 2014, when she quit to focus on the party. Fabio Rampelli took over after her. Meloni became president of FdI in March 2014, and in April she was nominated as the leader of FdI in all five Italian constituencies for the 2014 European Parliament election. FdI party got 3.7% of the votes, which was below the 4% threshold, so she did not become a member of the European Parliament. She did, however, get 348,700 votes, which was more than enough to make her a candidate. On November 4, 2015, she started a political group called Our Land – Italians with Giorgia Meloni to help her campaigns. Our Land is a separate group from FdI that wants to grow FdI’s popularity.

Meloni took part in the Family Day protest against LGBT rights on January 30, 2016, where she said she was against LGBT adoption. Meloni told everyone at the same Family Day that she was pregnant. On September 16, her daughter Ginevra was born. In 2016, she ran for mayor of Rome with the backing of Matteo Salvini’s political party, Us with Salvini, and against the candidate backed by Berlusconi’s Forza Italia. Meloni got almost twice as many votes as FI’s candidate, but she didn’t make it to the run-off. FdI, on the other hand, only got 12.3% of the vote. During the 2016 Italian constitutional referendum on the reform pushed by Matteo Renzi’s government, Meloni started the “No, Thanks” committee and took part in many TV debates, including one with Renzi. Meloni called for early elections because “No” got almost 60% of the vote. When Renzi quit, she didn’t trust the next government, which was led by Paolo Gentiloni. At the FdI congress in Trieste on December 2–3, 2017, Meloni was re-elected as the party’s president. The party logo was also updated, and Daniela Santanchè, a longtime right-wing politician, joined the party.

As the leader of his party, Meloni decided to form an alliance with Salvini’s Lega Nord. Together, they ran several political campaigns against the Democratic Party-led center-left government, which put FdI in a Euroskeptic and right-wing populist position. During the 2018 Italian general election, FdI ran with Berlusconi’s Forza Italia, Salvini’s League, and Raffaele Fitto’s Us with Italy as part of the center-right coalition. Meloni’s party won more than three times as many seats as it did in 2013. It got 4.4% of the vote. She got 41% of the vote in the single-member district of Latina, Lazio, and was chosen to be a member of the Chamber of Deputies. The center-right alliance, which was led by the League, won a majority of seats in the Chamber of Deputies. However, no party or group won an outright majority, so the result was a “hung” parliament.
Meloni has been a member of the Aspen Institute since February 2021. The Aspen Institute is an international think tank based in Washington, D.C. It is made up of many financiers, businessmen, and politicians. On February 19, 2021, Giovanni Gozzini, a professor at the University of Siena, insulted Meloni by calling her vulgar names over the radio. Both President Sergio Mattarella and Prime Minister Mario Draghi called Meloni and shamed Gozzini, who was then suspended by the board of his university. Meloni signed the Madrid Charter in October 2021. This is a document from 2020 that says left-wing groups are enemies of Ibero-America and are working on a “criminal project” “under the protection of the Cuban regime.” It was written by a Spanish nationalist group called Vox. She also went to the party congress for Vox. Meloni gave a speech at the annual Conservative Political Action Conference in Florida in February 2022. She told the conservative activists and officials from the U.S. who were there that they needed to stand up for their ideas against those from the other side. Before the 2022 Italian general election, which was a snap election called after the 2022 Italian government crisis, the center-right coalition agreed that the leader of the party that got the most votes would be the candidate for prime minister. Polls show that Meloni’s FdI is the most popular party in the coalition as of July 2022. Most people expect him to become Prime Minister of Italy if the center-right coalition gets an absolute majority in Parliament, which some academics say could be the most conservative government in the history of the Italian Republic. Meloni tried to be more moderate by telling the foreign press that Italian fascism is over. She did this to calm the fears of those who call FdI neo-fascist or far right, as well as fears in the European Commission that she could lead Italy toward Hungary under Viktor Orbán. As president of the European Conservatives and Reformists Party, she said she shared the experiences and values of the Conservative Party in the UK, Likud in Israel, and the Republican Party in the US. Some people didn’t believe what she said because of her speeches on immigration and LGBT rights. In a September 2022 BBC News story, Meloni is called out as someone who “campaigns against LGBT rights.” Exit polls showed that the center-right coalition would win the most seats in Italy’s general election in 2022, even though the number of people who voted was the lowest ever. Meloni was named the winner of the election because her party, FdI, got the most seats. According to an agreement with the center-right coalition, the next prime minister will be chosen by the coalition’s largest party, which makes her the frontrunner. Shortly after the exit polls, the Democratic Party (PD) admitted defeat, and Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki and former National Rally leader Marine Le Pen congratulated Meloni.

 

Personal life

Meloni’s partner, Andrea Giambruno, is a journalist who works for Silvio Berlusconi’s Mediaset TV channel. Together, they have a daughter named Ginevra.

She has said that she is a Christian, and she has used the fact that she is a Christian to help build her national brand. For example, in a speech to a rally in Rome in 2019, she said, “I am a Christian.” “I am Giorgia. I’m a mother, a woman, Italian, and a Christian “. She was still using the old Fascist slogan “God, fatherland, and family” in September 2022, but she doesn’t like being linked to Italy’s fascist past.

Meloni is a big fan of fantasy, especially The Lord of the Rings by J.R.R. Tolkien, which she called a “sacred text.”

As a young activist with the Italian Social Movement (MSI), she went to “Hobbit Camp” and sang with the extremist folk band “Compagnia dell’Anello,” whose name comes from The Fellowship of the Ring. Later, she called her political conference “Atreju,” which is the name of the main character in the book The Neverending Story. In Italy, the far right has always been linked to fantasy, which they see as sharing their “vision of spirituality versus materialism.”

 

Electoral history

Election House Constituency Party Votes Result
2006 Chamber of Deputies Lazio 1 AN [a] check Elected
2008 Chamber of Deputies Lazio 2 PdL [a] check Elected
2013 Chamber of Deputies Lombardy 3 FdI [a] check Elected
2018 Chamber of Deputies Lazio 2 – Latina FdI 70,268 check Elected
2022 Chamber of Deputies Abruzzo – L’Aquila FdI TBD

 

First-past-the-post elections

2018 general election (C): Latina
Candidate Coalition Votes %
Giorgia Meloni Centre-right coalition 70,268 41.0
Leone Martellucci Five Star Movement 62,563 36.5
Federico Fauttilli Centre-left coalition 26,293 15.3
Others 12,269 7.2
Total 171,393 100.0

Bibliography

  • Meloni, Giorgia (2011). Noi crediamo. Saggi (in Italian). Podda, Stefano (curator) (paperback ed.). Milan: Sperling & Kupfer, Mondadori. pp. XXVII, 164. ISBN 978-8-8200-4932-4. OCLC 898518765. Archived from the original on 25 August 2019. Retrieved 14 August 2022 – via Google Books.
  • Meloni, Giorgia; Meluzzi, Alessandro; Mercurio, Valentina (2019). Mafia nigeriana. Origini, rituali, crimini. I saggi (in Italian) (paperback ed.). Mantova: Oligo Editore. ISBN 978-8-8857-2325-2. Retrieved 14 August 2022 – via Google Books.
  • Meloni, Giorgia (2021). Io sono Giorgia, le mie radici, le mie idee